Greenhouse farming in Nigeria is not really popular, but it has been in existence in developed countries for several years. Since the concept is quite new to our environment that is not to say it isn’t already in existence completely in Nigeria. To go further, you need to understand the concept of greenhouse farming in Nigeria.
What is a Greenhouse?
To define the term in layman language, a greenhouse is a building with transparent net roofs and sides where you can grow crops in a conducive environment.
The transparent net roofs and sides help prevent diseases and pests from attacking plants. Also, it helps in regulating weather conditions that may be harsh to the plants
A greenhouse is totally different from a typical farmhouse, which is for plants and animals.
In a greenhouse you do not bring in animals, it is basically for raising plants. In a greenhouse, the farmer has the luxury of regulating several weather elements like temperature, humidity, and even light intensity. This way you can grow crops that are sensitive to weather in any region of Nigeria
What is Greenhouse Farming?
Now that we have an idea of what a greenhouse is, this concept should be very easy to understand. Greenhouse farming is simply the use of a greenhouse to raise crops for commercial or subsistence purposes. It is the cultivation of crops under controlled conditions to ensure optimal yield and marketability.
Greenhouse farming in Nigeria
To be candid most Nigerians have never heard a thing about greenhouse farming not to talk of imagining adopting the concept for their farming practices. Never to worry, this article will provide you with some information about greenhouse farming in Nigeria and how you can start yours.
With greenhouse farming, you can easily grow a crop typical to the temperate regions in the tropics and vice versa. This form of farming is common in several countries of the world like China, Germany, Belgium, New Zealand, etc. The greenhouse farming industry in Holland has grown to about 3,000 companies who contribute over 7.2 billion Euros to the country’s economy yearly.
In recent times greenhouse farming has found its way into the Nigerian agricultural sector. In Taraba State, for example, a large greenhouse farm is being set up that should provide employment to over 300 youth.
Asides from this, several private organizations and individuals are already setting up greenhouse farms in several parts of the country. Before we continue let’s take a look at a few advantages of greenhouse farming.
If you really want to invest in greenhouse farming and need a comprehensive business plan with a 3-year financial projection, call or chat with me on 07033680227
Advantages of Greenhouse Farming
The advantages of adopting greenhouse farming cannot be overemphasized, below are a few:
- Plants are sufficiently shielded from adverse weather conditions that can hamper their growth.
- The growing environment of the plants is properly managed to ensure the absence of pests and diseases.
- There is ease of production all year round as the controlled condition allows for continual cultivation.
- The crops can be grown in commercial quantities regardless of where the farm is located.
- There are improved harvest and production yields due to more efficient management and a conducive environment.
Disadvantages of Greenhouse Farming
- It requires large start-up capital. Though, it is a rewarding and lucrative venture when done right. You can make over 300% return on investment over a short period
- It requires a high level of attention. Therefore, there must be a standby farm worker or workers as the case may be
Types of Greenhouses
It is important to understand the different types of greenhouses as they will influence the decision of the farmer and the capital required for startup. Greenhouses can be grouped under three major types and I will briefly enumerate them below.
- Domestic greenhouse. This basically built with transparent nets or glass of 3mm thickness. The glass used is known as Dutch Light or Horticultural glass grade. This type of greenhouse is the cheapest and easiest to construct.
- Plastic greenhouse. This greenhouse is built majorly of moldable polymer materials like polythene and polycarbonate. It is generally regarded to be more durable than the domestic greenhouse.
- Commercial greenhouse. This is generally the most expensive kind of greenhouse as it contains all the necessary equipment which can be controlled on-site or remotely.
The fourth kind of greenhouse which is available in Nigeria is the DFK greenhouse. It is also made of plastic materials but it contains all the inputs and equipment needed for successful farming in Nigeria.
Building a Greenhouse in Nigeria (Home Made)
Most farmers using greenhouses in Nigeria build their units rather than purchase. The reason for this is nothing more than economies of scale. It is easier to construct than to buy the whole unit.
This homemade is also very reliable and affordable compared to the alternative, which is found below. The construction of both the greenhouse and the water stand comes with 3 years fail-proof guarantee.
- 8 meters by 24 meters, with water stand, cost #1,800,000
- 8 meters by 48 meters with water stand cost # 3,600,000
We are open to discussion on any size of your choice.
The alternative to our locally constructed greenhouse is the imported greenhouse, which is known as ZCG. They are very expensive compared to what is obtainable with the locally made greenhouse.
They have their advantage and disadvantages too. Let’s take a deep look at the pros and cons of the imported greenhouse
The ZCG greenhouse complete set comes in 2 dimensions. The small size measure 8m X 24M, while the big size measures 8m X 24m.
8m X 24m Size of Greenhouse
To install this small, you must provide a flat, well cleared, and non-sloppy piece of land measuring 12m X 35m.
Each of the kit consists of the following items:
- The farmer’s greenhouse (8m x 24m)
- Fertilizers and Agrochemicals for one season.
- Nursery set
- Drip irrigation system
- knapsack sprayer
- Quality seeds (high yielding hybrid variety of any vegetable seeds; tomato, pepper, cucumber, and sweet melon)
- Health and safety equipment
- Training and Agro support services etc.
All these you will get if you go for this ZCG greenhouse. Above all, you will have an agronomist that will support you for a period of 10 months if you order up to 5 units as long as you will provide accommodation. The agronomist salary is being taken care of by ZCG greenhouse.
8m X 48m Size of Greenhouse
To set up the ZCG greenhouse of this site, you must make available a cleared, flat, and non-sloppy land that measures 12m X 55m.
It comes with all the features or kits listed above. Remember, the company does the installation for you.
19 Things You Must Have on Site For Installation to take Place For a Single Unit
- 15m x 55m flat cleared land
- Permanent water source
- 7 bags of cement
- 1.5tones sharp sand
- 1.5 tones ballast
- Digging tools (For digging the holes for the poles and the trenches).
- Each day of installation to plan and have at least 6 casual workers/laborers on site.
- Metal rods, 60 cm length – 50 units + 72pegs
- Hammers – 3 units.
- Marking rope – 500m.
- All necessary items for moving the concrete to the holes.
- Ladder 3m height – 2 units (Self-standing ladder).
- Ladder 4m height – 1 unit not self-standing.
- 2 Tank stands (2 high).
- 2Water tanks- 1,000 capacity each.
- Wood for soil sterilization (if within bacterial wilt stricken area)
- Manure as much as you can (6 tones)
- Plumber (connecting water supply) with tank outlet with control Valve
- 600 meters long binding wire (for training the crop)
Raising of Capital
This aspect is key to any business, agriculture or not. Without capital, you can hardly even start a business. There are several ways to raise capital like bank loans, personal savings, investors, and gifts from friends.
One of the most important ways, especially for agribusinesses in Nigeria, is government grants. You can visit the Bank of Industry to apply for an agribusiness grant.
To get a fund, you need a bankable greenhouse business plan.
If you really want to invest in greenhouse farming and need a comprehensive business plan with 3-year financial projection, call or chat with me on 07033680227
Greenhouse Farming in Nigeria- Wrap Up
Without mincing word, greenhouse farming is a very expensive venture but the most rewarding agricultural venture today. You can use it to produce crops that do not grow easily in a particular area.
For instance, through greenhouse farming, one can grow tomatoes in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria, which ordinarily won’t be possible.
Greenhouse Farming in Nigeria- Business Plan
If you really want to invest in greenhouse farming and need a comprehensive business plan or one on one consultation then Whatapp me of 07033680227.